Oath of Chief Justice of High Court

The term “United States judges or judges” has been replaced by “Supreme Court judges, district judges, and district judges” in section 372 in order to extend the provisions of that section to judges of the Court of Claims, the Customs Court and the Customs and Patent Court of Appeals, and to all judges of a court that may be established by decree of Congress. See definition in Article 451 of this Title. This section combines sections 11-203 and 11-303 of the District of Columbia Code, ed. 1940, and section 372 of 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., with the portion of section 241 of title 28 that requires judges of the Court of Claims to take an oath. The remainder of this Article 241 shall comprise Articles 171 and 173 of this Title. On occasion, Supreme Court appointees have taken a combined version of the two oaths, which reads as follows: The Constitution does not prescribe the wording of this oath and leaves it to Congress. From 1789 to 1861, this oath read: “I solemnly swear (or certify) that I will support the Constitution of the United States.” In the 1860s, this oath was amended several times before Congress approved the text used today, set forth in 5 U.S.C. § 3331. This oath is now taken by all federal employees except the President: every person appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court must, before taking office, take an oath or sign an oath or declaration before the Governor of the State or a person appointed by him in that name, in the form established for that purpose in the third list. As stated below in Article VI, all federal officials must take an oath in support of the Constitution: justices of the Supreme Court of the United States must take two oaths before they can exercise the functions of their office. This oath was used until 1990, when the Judicial Improvements Act replaced the phrase “to the best of his ability. Began.

to “under the Constitution”. This language has proven somewhat more effective in linking judicial decisions to the authority of the United States Constitution. “I, _____ Then help me God.” In 1789, Congress attempted to remedy this omission by taking an official oath. This first version was used until 1861. The text was short, only one sentence. The origin of the second oath is found in the Judicial Act of 1789, which states: “Judges of the Supreme Court and District Judges before exercising the functions of their respective functions” to take a second oath or confirmation. From 1789 to 1990, the original text of this oath was (1 stat. 76 § 8): The appointed Supreme Court must take not only the oath listed above, but also a second oath. This declaration is called the judicial oath. The Judicial Act of 1789 established federal judicial power. The law sets the number of Supreme Court judges at six (five associate judges and one chief justice). It also ordered Supreme Court judges to take a second oath of office in order to take office.

The original text read as follows: Unlike the presidential oath, the wording of the Supreme Court oath is not explicitly defined in the text of the United States Constitution. However, article VI of the Constitution provides: “The above-mentioned Senators and Members, as well as members of the various state legislatures and all executive and judicial officials, both of the United States and of the various states, shall be bound, by oath or assurance, to support this Constitution; but no religious test can ever be required as a qualification for a public position or foundation in the United States. Often, Supreme Court justices have chosen to take a combined oath that combines the two affirmations into a single declaration. In December 1990, the Judicial Improvement Act 1990 replaced the words “to the best of my ability and understanding in accordance with the Constitution” with “in accordance with the Constitution”. The court`s revised oath, found at 28 U.S.C. § 453, reads as follows: This function, much more specific and lengthy than the original, is now used by every inauguration of the federal office, with the exception of the office of the president. 1990 – Pub. L.

101–650 replaces “in accordance with the Constitution” with “to the best of my ability and understanding, in accordance with the Constitution”. “I, ____, solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will have true faith and faithfulness to her; that I freely assume this obligation, without any intellectual reservation or circumvention purpose; and that I will fulfill well and faithfully the duties of the office into which I enter. So help me God. According to Title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§ 241, 372, and District of Columbia Code, 1940 ed., §§ 11–203, 11–303 (R.S.D.C., § 752, 18 Stat. pt. II, 90; February 9, 1893, c. 74, § 3, 27 stat. 435; March 3, 1901, c. 854, § 223, 31 stat. 1224; March 3, 1911, c. 231, §§ 136, 137, 257, 36 stat. 1135, 1161; February 25, 1919, c.

29, § 4, 40 Stat. 1157). Outgoing Chief Justice Warren E. Burger (in robe) takes the oath of office to his successor, Associate Justice William H. Rehnquist, in the East Room of the White House. Mrs. Natalie Rehnquist holds the Bible while President Ronald Reagan watches. Restriction of practice after his activity as a permanent judge.

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